Chad has a population of over 16 million people, half of whom live below the poverty line, according to the World Bank. Given the correlation between poverty and disability, people with disabilities - including victims of explosive remnants of war (ERW) - are among the most vulnerable people in Chad. Thousands of people live under direct threat from mines and explosive remnants of war left over from a series of conflicts.
HI - Focus group on inclusive education for children with disabilities | © Till Mayer / HI
Actions in process
HI implements emergency response and development projects, and builds on its core activities, including mine action, assistance to people with disabilities, inclusion, physical rehabilitation, and inclusive education. HI seeks innovative and sustainable solutions to better respond to actual needs and to support the socio-economic development of the most vulnerable people. For example, in the north of the country, HI has launched a large-scale Demining and Economic Development Project (PRODECO) in consortium with Mine Advisory Group (MAG), Secours catholique et développement (SECADEV) and the Fondation Suisse pour le déminage (FSD).
In the Lake region, HI contributes to the protection and schooling of children and conducts risk education for hosts and displaced persons affected by crisis. HI also accompanies children with disabilities through psychosocial support.
Situation of the country
Chad is predominantly rural and ranked among the world’s poorest countries in terms of human development.
President Idriss Déby died April 20, 2021, the day after his fifth re-election. While Chad has experienced a deep economic recession since the 2016 presidential election and the 2014 drop in oil prices, the death of the former president plunges the country into a period of uncertainty.
Chad has been affected by various humanitarian crises since 2003. These crises are related to major population movements in border areas, including refugees from Sudan in the east, refugees and returnees from the Central African Republic in the south, and more recently Nigerian refugees and internally displaced people in the Lac Province in the west of the country. In 2020, the government conducted Operation Bohoma Anger in an attempt to eradicate destabilizing armed groups in the Lac region. Attacks, kidnappings, murders, robberies, and fires have continued regardless and the security situation is increasingly unstable.
Number of HI staff members: 112
Date programme opened: 2014