Chad has a population of over 16 million people, half of whom live below the poverty line, according to the World Bank. Given the established correlation between poverty and disability, people with disabilities, including victims of explosive remnants of war (ERW), are an over-represented group. Thousands of people are exposed to the threat of mines and explosive remnants of war, the legacy of successive conflicts.
HI - Focus group on inclusive education for children with disabilities | © Till Mayer / HI
Actions in process
HI Chad implements emergency response interventions and development projects in the fields of assistance to victims of violence, inclusion, mine action, physical and functional rehabilitation and inclusive education in emergencies. The programme seeks innovative and sustainable solutions to effectively respond to real needs and to support the socio-economic development of the most vulnerable through inclusion and the development of income-generating activities and vocational training.
In the Lac region, HI contributes to the protection and education of children and carries out risk education activities for the host communities and displaced people affected by the crisis. The programme also runs conflict transformation, social cohesion and inclusive local development activities.
Lastly, HI supports children with disabilities through psychosocial support and rehabilitation services, and implements the Stimulation Therapy approach for malnourished children aged 6 to 59 months.
Situation of the country
Chad has been affected by various humanitarian crises since 2003.
These crises are linked to major population movements in border areas, notably involving refugees from Sudan in the east, refugees and returnees from the Central African Republic in the south, and more recently Nigerian refugees and internally displaced people in the Lake Province in the west of the country. In the Lac region, instability persists. This region is also affected by the consequences of climate change (an increase in rainfall, more frequent periods of aridity and drought) that are exacerbating desertification and drying up Lake Chad, at a time when the region is already under pressure from the arrival of displaced populations.
Predominantly rural, Chad is ranked among the poorest countries in terms of human development. President Idriss Déby died on 20 April 2021, the day after his fifth re-election. With Chad in deep economic recession since the 2016 presidential election and the fall in oil prices in 2014, the death of the president has plunged the country into a period of uncertainty.
Number of HI staff: 79
Programmed opened in: 2014