HI has been operational continuously in Libya since 2011, and up until the end of 2014 delivered large-scale Humanitarian Mine Action. With the outbreak of renewed violence in 2014, HI redesigned its programmes in support of persons injured by explosive remnants of war and small arms and light weapons, as well as persons with disabilities.
A risk education session in a school | © J-J. Bernard / HI
Actions in process
In recent years, HI has delivered health and protection services including physical and functional rehabilitation, provision of assistive devices and mobility equipment and psychosocial support to persons directly impacted by the ongoing crisis, as well as targeting health and rehabilitation centres in Western and eastern Libya with technical capacity development and donations of much needed and otherwise depleted equipment.
HI is also providing vulnerable, conflict-affected IDPs, returnees and host communities in Libya with improved access to basic needs, health and protection services (focusing on physical and psychological impairments). In 2017, HI relaunched risk education activities in the Nafusa Mountain region for returning populations displaced since 2011. In the same year, HI also initiated support to the LibMAC for enhancing assistance to victims of explosive hazards, by uniting national authorities and civil society to raise awareness of their collective responsibility towards people directly affected by conflict.
Since mid-2020, HI has increased its support to health professionals in physical rehabilitation and mental health & psychosocial support. HI has also reinitiated risk education activities in Tripoli and developed victim assistance activities, to improve data collection, injury surveillance and case management for victims of explosive ordnances.
Situation of the country
Since 2011 and until mid-2020, Libya has almost continuously been the site of a civil war.
During the second Libyan Civil War, over half a million people were displaced, and by 2018 the conflict claimed more than 4,400 civilian lives since 2014. The situation stabilized in the summer of 2020, paving the way for a cease-fire signed in August, but the highly anticipated presidential elections are likely to be postponed, creating prolonged political uncertainty.
The civilian population is not only impacted by the criminalization of armed groups and armed conflict, but by the collapse of an official economy and the development of a shadow war economy. In addition, the overall number of migrants, asylum seekers refugees in Libya is estimated at 977,000.
In 2020 and 2021, the situation in main cities has worsened on nearly all levels. Health services are overstretched by the Covid-19 pandemic, power cuts and water shortage are now happening daily, as essentials are becoming increasingly expensive. Political power shifts contribute to a high level of insecurity. The Libyan population regularly demonstrates in the streets and main cities of the country.
Number of HI staff members: 87
Date the programme opened: 2011