HI started activities in Somaliland in 1992 by setting up a rehabilitation centre in Hargeisa. HI’s strategy in Somaliland is to advocate for the rights of persons with disabilities and to engage development actors in promoting inclusion and participation of people with disabilities at local and national levels.
Humanity & Inclusion Somaliland | © C. Smets-Luna / HI
Actions in process
In 2017 when severe droughts occurred, HI was present with reduced activities in Hargeisa for an inclusive elections project. The worsening situation called for an adapted response. HI decided to respond to the crisis along two axes: inclusion mainstreaming for NGOs working on the humanitarian response, and stimulative therapy for malnourished children.
HI is also implementing projects focusing on promoting inclusive humanitarian action. One of the projects focuses on protection, psychosocial emergency aid and referrals to lifesaving services for most at-risk, displaced and host populations. The project has invested in raising awareness around inclusive humanitarian action through protection, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and climate change management clusters. The other project, in partnership with Danish Refugee Council (DRC), aims to reduce risks and save lives of crisis-affected households through inclusive and integrated community-based emergency response. HI supports DRC in ensuring inclusive actions, specifically working in three streams: monitoring and evaluation processes, WASH and protection sectors.
Situation of the country
Security risks and endemic inter-clan fighting for control of land, pasture or water sources, intensified during drought conditions, continue to lead to the displacement of civilians and heighten humanitarian needs.
Prolonged internal displacement in Somalia has also led to loss of social protection networks. Many have been displaced from their homes for decades, are marginalized and at risk of forced evictions, discrimination, pervasive exploitation and abuse. Female-headed households within internally displaced communities are particularly vulnerable and often have limited access to justice, services and assistance, including medical care and psychosocial support. Children are especially vulnerable to various forms of abuse, including practices like female genital mutilation, forced and early marriage, family separation, child labor and forced recruitment into armed groups.
It should be noted that Somaliland is more socially homogeneous than Somalia or indeed most other African states (and greater homogeneity tends to mean higher levels of trust between citizens).
Number of HI staff members: 73
Date the programme opened: 1992