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South Sudan

South Sudan, founded in 2011, is the theatre of armed conflict. HI supports Southern Sudanese fleeing the fighting, in particular the most vulnerable. The organisation focuses on rehabilitation care and psychosocial support. It also simultaneously fights discrimination against people with disabilities.

South Sudanese children in camp for displaced people in Juba | © Camille Lepage / HI

Actions in process

HI has been operating in South Sudan since 2006, implementing emergency and development actions aimed at improving protection, quality of life, and the promotion of rights of vulnerable individuals.

From 2006 to 2013, HI carried out a range of projects, shifting progressively from an emergency response to a resilience approach. Since 2014, HI has once again been contributing to the urgent humanitarian response, integrating disability, age, gender, and vulnerability factors in all its actions.

HI is working from offices in Juba and Yei in Central Equatoria, Torit in Eastern Equatoria, Bor in Jonglei and deploys rapid response teams in multiple locations across the country.

Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, HI has continued to help the world’s most vulnerable people. We have adapted our interventions in more than 45 countries.

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Situation of the country

South Sudan became the 54th African State and one of the youngest nations in the world upon the Declaration of Independence in 2011. At the time and since, the country has faced significant developmental challenges and grapples with the immediate repercussions of a violent political crisis.  Beyond the immediate humanitarian needs of almost 7 million people, the underlying issues affecting the delivery of transparent, unified governance, economic development, security sector reform and investment in public services urgently need to be addressed. 

South Sudan has been mired in instability and conflict for nearly all the eight years since it gained independence from Sudan. On 22 February, the Transitional Government of National Unity was established in South Sudan, marking the start of a 36-month transitional period ahead of the holding of elections, in accordance with the terms of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan signed in 2018. The ceasefire continues to hold across and overall level of political violence remains low though increased fragmentation among the political parties. One of the risks to the new government is that the history of political fracturing and transactional politics, managing existing interests, differences over emerging interests, outstanding security arrangements and the existence of armed groups outside the current process are also crucial matters that will determine the unity government’s success.

Number of HI staff members: 113

Date the programme opened: 2006

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