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Promote the health of indigenous communities in Venezuela

Health Prevention Rights

Some communities in the state of Amazonas have experienced disruptions to their lifestyle, with negative effects on their health. Humanity & Inclusion is working alongside them to improve their access to healthcare.

Three children's faces in close-up, two girls and a boy. They are sitting on the floor, looking ahead. In the background, adults can be seen standing.

Hygiene awareness session in a Huottuja community in March 2024. | © M. Campos / HI

A change in lifestyle brings new diseases

Photo of Wesiyuma Angelito Hernández, who defends the rights of his community. © M. Campos / HIWesiyuma Angelito Hernández, 48, is a member of the Ye'kwana people. He has been working for the Organisation of Indigenous Peoples of the Amazon (ORPIA) for over 10 years, promoting unity, the defence of territory and human rights within his community.

"There is a real need for health care here," explains Wesiyuma. "We used to be very healthy communities when we lived far enough apart. Then, a few decades ago, we created one big community to protect our culture and promote self-determination. We left our mountains and the cold areas where we used to live and moved down to the savannah, near the river and the mosquitoes. That's when diseases like measles, malaria and chickenpox started to appear."

Yet, for the people living in remote areas, access to healthcare is not always guaranteed. As Wesiyuma explains, "My community is about a day's boat ride down the river, followed by a two-day walk. That's why it's so difficult for us to transport patients or attend medical appointments." 

Promoting access to care and prevention

Rogxana Pérez running an awareness session in a centre for elderly people. © M. Campos / HITo help address these issues, for the past year, HI has been running a project that provides support to more than 190,000 people in Venezuela and Colombia. In the state of Amazonas in Venezuela, HI is working with the Huottuja, Kurripaco, Warekenay Jivi and Piapoco communities to identify their needs. The members of these communities are involved in the project, like Wesiyuma, who is helping HI with its implementation.

As part of the project, HI is improving access to safe sanitation facilities and food security. Psychosocial support teams are also deployed to provide a space for dialogue and listening and create the right conditions for positive mental health.

"We run our activities with volunteers from the communities who help us translate our messages. This has a very positive effect, particularly with our psychosocial support activities, because people feel that communication is not an obstacle and that someone is listening to them," explains Rogxana Pérez, HI’s Mental Health and Psychosocial Support officer.

HI is also active in the water, sanitation and hygiene sectors, carrying out awareness-raising and prevention sessions on disease transmission and providing residents with hygiene kits including underwear, reusable or disposable sanitary protection, a comb and shampoo to prevent lice, soap, a toothbrush and toothpaste, etc.

Respecting ancestral customs

All the project’s activities are carried out with respect for the ancestral knowledge of the communities. This close collaboration has helped to develop the skills of the community volunteers, who in turn train their peers.

"Our intervention was new for the indigenous peoples, as they had never worked with an approach centred on their ancestral beliefs and knowledge before. But for us, respecting their world view is essential, as is carrying out prior consultations and working jointly with the leaders of each community," concludes Alejandro Rivas, HI's project manager.

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